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The Six Nations Championship known as the Guinness Six Nations [n 1] for sponsorship reasons is an annual international men's rugby union competition between the teams of England , France , Ireland , Italy , Scotland , and Wales.
The current champions are England, who won the tournament. The Six Nations is the successor to the Home Nations Championship — and —39 , played between teams from England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, which was the first international rugby union tournament.
England hold the record for outright wins with The women's tournament started as the Women's Home Nations in the season.
However, England was excluded from the and tournaments due to their refusal to join the International Rugby Football Board.
The tournament then became the Five Nations Championship in with the addition of France. The tournament was expanded in to become the Six Nations Championship with the addition of Italy.
The tournament begins on the first weekend in February and culminates with Super Saturday on the second or third Saturday in March. The format of the Championship is simple: each team plays every other team once making a total of 15 matches , with home ground advantage alternating from one year to the next.
Prior to the tournament, two points were awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss. Unlike many other rugby union competitions the bonus point system had not previously been used.
On 30 November , the Six Nations Committee announced that a bonus point system would be trialled in the Championship.
The system is similar to the one used in most rugby championships 0 points for a loss, 2 for a draw, 4 for a win, 1 for scoring four or more tries in a match, and 1 for losing by 7 points or fewer , with the only difference being that a Grand Slam winner will be given 3 extra points to ensure they finish top of the table.
Prior to , teams equal on match points shared the championship. Since then, ties have been broken by considering the points difference total points scored minus total points conceded of the teams.
The rules of the championship further provide that if teams tie on both match points and points difference, the team that scored the most tries wins the championship.
Were this decider to be a tie, the tying teams would share the championship. Also, the team that finishes at the bottom of the league table is said to have won the Wooden Spoon , although no actual trophy is given to the team.
A team that has lost all five matches is said to have been whitewashed. Italy are the holders of the most Wooden Spoon awards in the Six Nations era with 15, and have been whitewashed eleven times.
However, each of the other five nations has accumulated more than that through competing in previous eras. The winners of the Six Nations are presented with the Championship Trophy.
It is a sterling silver trophy, designed by James Brent-Ward and made by a team of eight silversmiths from the London firm William Comyns.
It has 15 side panels representing the 15 members of the team and with three handles to represent the three officials referee and two touch judges.
The cup has a capacity of 3. Within the mahogany base is a concealed drawer which contains six alternative finials , each a silver replica of one of the team emblems, which can be screwed on the detachable lid.
A new trophy was introduced for the Championship. Ireland were the last team to win the old trophy, and coincidentally, the first team to win the new one.
A team that wins all its games wins the ' Grand Slam '. The Triple Crown may only be won by one of the Home Nations of England, Ireland, Scotland or Wales, when one nation wins all three of their matches against the others.
It has since been won four times by Ireland, four times by England and three times by Wales. Several individual competitions take place under the umbrella of the tournament.
Some of these trophies are also awarded for other matches between the two teams outside the Six Nations. This arrangement was made necessary by the closure and subsequent demolition of Ireland's traditional home at Lansdowne Road ; Aviva Stadium was built on the former Lansdowne Road site.
During this construction, Croke Park was the largest of the Six Nations grounds, with a capacity of 82, In Italy moved their home games from the 32, seat Stadio Flaminio, to Stadio Olimpico, also in Rome, with a capacity of 72, The French Rugby Federation FFR had planned to build a new stadium of its own, seating 82, in the southern suburbs of Paris,  because of frustrations with their tenancy of Stade de France.
Ronan O'Gara of Ireland holds the career scoring record with points. England's Jonny Wilkinson currently holds the records for individual points in one match 35 points against Italy in and one season with 89 scored in The record for tries in a match is held by Scotsman George Lindsay who scored five tries against Wales in Ireland's Brian O'Driscoll has the Championship record for tries with The record for appearances is held by Sergio Parisse of Italy, with 69 appearances,  since his Six Nations debut in The most points scored by a team in one match was 80 points, scored by England against Italy in England also scored the most ever points in a season in with , and most tries in a season with Wales hold the record for the longest time without conceding a try, at minutes in the tournament.
The BBC has long covered the tournament in the United Kingdom, broadcasting all matches apart from England home matches between and , which were shown live by Sky Sports with highlights on the BBC.
In , it was announced that the BBC's coverage of the tournament on TV, radio and online would be extended to On 9 July , in reaction to bids by Sky for the rights beginning in , the BBC ended its contract two seasons early, and renegotiated a joint contract with ITV Sport for rights to the Six Nations from through It was reported that a bid for CVC Equity Partners to purchase a stake in the Six Nations was being hindered by a desire for a more lucrative broadcast contract; a call for the Six Nations to be moved to Category A which requires live coverage to air free-to-air was rejected.
Until , the Championship had no title sponsor. A new title sponsor was sought for the tournament and beyond. On 7 December , Guinness was announced as the Championship's new title sponsor, with the competition to be named the Guinness Six Nations from to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Annual international rugby union competition. This article is about the men's rugby union tournament. For the women's tournament, see Women's Six Nations Championship.
The national rugby union stadiums of the six countries host the events. Main article: List of Six Nations Championship records.
Sports portal. Retrieved 11 March Though only matches involving Ireland could properly be considered international, and only after , all other teams being from entirely within the nation state of the United Kingdom.
The first ever Home Nations International Championship was played in Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 25 February RBS 6 Nations. Archived from the original on 9 May Retrieved 24 February Archived from the original on 2 February Twickenham Stadium , London Zuschauer: Versuche: Ford 8.
Daly Cowan-Dickie Versuche: Henshaw Porter März Versuche: Watson 4. Tuilagi Versuche: Tipuric Versuche: Maitland McInally Versuche: Penaud Oktober Versuche: Stander 8.
Keenan Connors Sexton Aki Heffernan Versuche: Padovani Versuche: McInally Versuche: Polledri Versuche: Youngs 5. George Curry Slade Versuche: Dupont 7.
Strafversuch Vakatawa Versuche: Healy Henshaw Seit gibt es auch ein Six-Nations-Turnier der Frauen. Die Innenseite war ursprünglich ebenfalls aus Silber, erlitt aber wegen des Siegeschampagners Korrosionsschäden und wurde deshalb mit karätigem Gold verkleidet.
Gewinnt eine britische oder die irische Mannschaft gegen die anderen drei home nations , so schafft sie eine Triple Crown. Zwei Mannschaften gelang es, viermal hintereinander einen solchen Erfolg zu erzielen; Wales — und England — Frankreich und Italien spielen um die Giuseppe-Garibaldi-Trophäe.
Drei Grand Slams hintereinander hat bisher noch keine Mannschaft geschafft. Wales war die bisher einzige Mannschaft, die den Grand Slam mit mehr Auswärts- als Heimsiegen schaffte.
Wales und Schottland besitzen eigene Hymnen. Nach zwölf Jahren mit gelegentlichen Freundschaftsspielen fand die erste Home International Championship statt, an der England, Irland, Schottland und Wales teilnahmen.
England und Schottland machten den Turniersieg unter sich aus, bis Wales zum ersten Mal gewann. Im darauf folgenden Jahr konnte erstmals Irland einen Turniersieg feiern.
Wales durfte und nicht teilnehmen, da Kapitän Arthur Gould eine finanzielle Anerkennung erhalten hatte und die übrigen Verbände dies als unerlaubten Professionalismus betrachteten.