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Most seem to have been written by women. In fact he most often played games called Pique and Whist. Dickens portrays a character playing patience in Great Expectations.
The first American collection was Patience: A series of thirty games with cards, by Ednah Cheney The last decades of that century were the heyday of patience games, the largest collections being compiled by the prolific Mary Whitmore Jones.
From then on solitaire games settled down into a fairly nondescript existence. From popular literature, print media and movies it soon becomes clear that most people with any interest in card games knew only two or three of the most popular types, such as Klondike and Spider, and whichever one they played they called solitaire without being aware that any others existed.
Such further collections that appeared in print were largely rehashes of classic titles, with little or no acknowledgement given to previous authors or inventors.
These authors had clearly studied all the literature, tidied up conflicting rules, and for the first time ever decided to classify games and arrange them in some sort of logical progression.
Thus, if you found that you liked a particular game you could then explore others of similar type, and ignore the ones that failed to appeal to you.
Throughout most of its history solitaire has been regarded as a pastime for invalids rather than the physically active, and for women rather than men, though it must have been much played by prisoners-of-war who were fortunate enough to have some recreational time on their hands.
This same phenomenon caused FreeCell and Spider to both rise in popularity among the general population, as they appeared as free games in later editions of Windows.
According to a news item released in May over half-a-billion players in the past decade alone have played the game. It is now a global phenomenon.
Note that many games from the late s have you start by arranging the cards in a pretty but complicated pattern taking up a lot of space.
These gradually went out of fashion over the last years as tables got smaller and players wanted to spend more time playing than dealing.
They are: The Stock: The pile of facedown cards in the upper left corner. The Waste: The faceup pile next to the Stock in the upper left corner.
The Foundations: The four piles in the upper right corner. The Tableau: The seven piles that make up the main table. The setup The Tableau piles are numbered from 1 to 7, pile 1 has 1 card, pile 2 has 2 cards and so on.
The objective To win Solitaire, you must get all the cards onto the Foundation piles. Allowed moves Flip cards from the Stock onto the Waste.
You can flip either 1 or 3 cards from the Stock onto the Waste. The number can be configured in Options. Move a card from the Waste onto the Foundations.
If the top card of the Waste can go onto one of the Foundations then you can drag it there. Move a card from the Waste onto the Tableau. You can move the top card of the Waste onto one of the Tableau piles.
Move a card from a Foundation back onto the Tableau. You can move the top card of a Foundation back onto the Tableau. This isn't allowed in all Solitaire versions, but we allow it here : Move one or more cards from one Tableau pile to another.
You can move a face up card on the Tableau onto another Tableau pile, if that pile's top card is one higher than the moved card and in a different color.
For example, you could move a red 6 onto a black 7. Or, if you have red 6, black 5, red 4 face up on one tableau, you can move all of them at the same time onto a Tableau with a black 7.
If you have an empty Tableau pile then you can only place a king there. You can flip a face down Tableau card.
If you have moved a face up card from a Tableau pile so now the top card is face down, then you can click the face down card and it will be flipped and shown face up.
You can move a Tableau card onto the Foundations. You can do this manually if you need to clear some space on the Tableau. The field is made up of 3 sections:.
The aim of Spider Solitaire is to move all cards from the tableau to the foundation. For this purpose, you must arrange all cards in the tableau in descending order in the same suit, from King to Ace.
Once you have completed a sequence, it will automatically be moved to the foundation and you can start on the next sequence and so on, until you have cleared the whole tableau.
Our Spider Solitaire game has 3 levels: 1 colour easy , 2 colours more challenging , and 4 colours extremely challenging, only for the real expert.
Level 1 is played differently from the other two levels:. Use four extra cells to move cards around as you try to clear all cards from the table.
Pair two cards that add up to 13 in order to remove them from the board. Select cards in a sequence, either up or down, to earn points and clear the board.